SVIBOR - Project code: 2-13-103


Strossmayerov trg 4, HR - 10000 ZAGREB
tel.: +385 1 459 44 44, fax: +385 1 459 44 69


SVIBOR - Collecting Data on Projects in Croatia

Project code: 2-13-103


Main researcher: KNEŽEVIĆ, GROZDAN (61081)

Type of research: applied
Duration from: 04/01/91. to 12/30/94.

Papers on project (total): 96
Institution name: Arhitektonski fakultet, Zagreb (54)
Department/Institute: Departement of Architectural Design
Address: Kačićeva 26
City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia
Phone: 385 (0)41 442 600
Fax: 385 (0)41 440 839

Summary: Based on ecological principles of preservation and improvement of man's environment, the objective of this project is to analyze particular architectural factors that have a decisive effect on form, design, energy efficiency, cost effectiveness and psychophysical qualities of housing, and to attempt to define criteria and elements for an improved model of apartment building architecture that would outline an integral ecological approach to residential building in Zagreb and provide a foundation for a different approach to design and future standards in the field.

Keywords: ecology, morphology, typology, participation, residential environment, program models. artificial intelligence, urban models. residential architecture, flexibility, energy, materials, building and apartment catalogue, bioclimatic rehabilitation, ecological architecture

Research goals: With present-day ecological demands in view, the proposed project will investigate the dominant forms of residential building in Zagreb (family homes and apartment blocks), in particular a) their urban value; b) adaptability of their structure to the relative and absolute flexibility in the organization of residential space; c) bioclimatic and energy characteristics of both forms in regard to size, position and orientation; d) their potential at variety that could express the tenants' individuality and create a feeling of belonging; on the basis of the above analyses, the project will attempt to formulate models of multi-apartment building in Zagreb that could provide a pattern for other cities in Croatia. Within the project, possibilities will be investigated for the application of CAAD (Computer Aided Architectural Design) methods and systems for visualization and evaluation in architectural design that help the efficiency of the process and the overall quality (in terms of environment, design, function and energy) of residential designs. Also investigated will be the possibility for creating knowledge bases on housing units and surroundings, drawn upon the research in the field of artificial intelligence, that would contain experience and knowledge derived from this research, and could become and intelligent part of future integrated CAD systems and a "consultant" to architects and other professionals.


  1. Name of project: DOE PN 777 Energy and Environmental Rehabilitation in Dwellings
    Name of institution: Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley
    City: Berkeley, SAD

  2. Name of project: 2-13-115 Arhitektura i mentalno zdravlje
    Name of institution: Arhitektonski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia

  3. Name of project: TEMPUS JEP 1911 Environmental Quality Protection in Urban and Rural Environment
    Name of institution: Universita di Roma "La Sapienza", University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Universitat de Catalunya in Barcelona
    City: Rim, Italija

  4. Name of project: 5-11-221 Razvoj interaktivnih medijskih sustava u umjetnosti
    Name of institution: Arhitektonski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia


  1. Name of institution: Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: Berkeley, SAD

  2. Name of institution: Faculty of architecture in Lund
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: Lund, Švedska

  3. Name of institution: Savez energetičara Hrvatske
    Type of institution: Other
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia

  4. Name of institution: TU Graz
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: Graz, Austria

  5. Name of institution: TU Delft
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: Delft, Nizozemska

  6. Name of institution: The Berlage Institute
    Type of institution: Economical/Production
    City: Amsterdam, Nizozemska

  7. Name of institution: United Nations
    Type of institution: State administration
    City: Geneve, Švicarska

  8. Name of institution: Research Centre Seibersdorf
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: Klagenfurt, Austrija


  1. Name: Primjena računala u arhitekturi
    Type of achievement: Teaching aids and educatio
    Authors: Baletić B.

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Last update: 10/17/95