SVIBOR - Project code: 2-11-345


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SVIBOR - Collecting Data on Projects in Croatia

Project code: 2-11-345

Healthy housing

Main researcher: KRITOVAC, FEDOR (23562)

Type of research: applied
Duration from: 10/05/91. to 10/05/95.

Papers on project (total): 143
Institution name: Građevinski fakultet, Zagreb (82)
Department/Institute: Housing/Building Department of the Civil Engineering Faculty
Address: Kačićeva 26
City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia
Phone: 385 (0)41-442-600
Phone: 385 (01)45 61 222

Summary: The research project entitled HEALTHY HOUSING, regareded as an applied research and development project with elements of fundamental research, is basically concerned with the national attainment of an integral quality of living-space and housing with a particular accent on sound and ecological aspects. The project is interdisciplinary by nature as it includes major determinants related to hygiene, ecobiology, meteorology, geology, geobiology, power supply, spatial planning, construction, architecutre, information and communication, as well as indicators and criteria of the economic and use-related evaluation. The scope of the project ranges from determining and defining standards, norms, and guidelines, programming, planning and designing, new constructions, sanations and reconstruction to the use and maintenance of structures and their surroundings. The research is aimed at interlinking the already obtained own partial experiences and research results and namely at investigating and applying European and world attainments and the already existing recommendations and standards which expanede very quickly in order to implement the research results to meet various current and anticipated needs (from production of building materials to the establishment or modification of the construction, space planning, sanitary, power supply and other regulations) and to apply the sanitary-ecological criteria and the open-market stimulating factors. The proposed research work should be followed by regular activities in this filed to be performed by professional management bodies, while the scientific professional work would be intensified and its scope would be widened particularly through participation in international activities.

Keywords: Environmental impact, Environmental impacts assessment, Energy efficient design, Building regulations, Building materials, Informing of users and participation in housing, Healthy housing, Healthy building, Housing policy, Evaluation methods and models, Quality assurance in housing, Risk and safety, Environmental health criteria and indicators, System approach in environmental design, Rationalization in housing and infrastructural activities, Planning and design requirements, Housing renewal needs

Research goals: Objectives: General objective: to establish, determine and define spatial, civil engineering and architectural concepts related to the power supply, technological and health issues as well as to circumstances and conditions for the use, maintenance and management of housing units - which will ultimately result in the improvement of the quality of living in individual houses, apartment buildings and residential districts. Following sub-objectives may be ennumerated to: - define and use environmental health criteria and indicators in the process of assessing the economic and use value in the housing and urban development activities, - propose changes and additions to current obligatory andoptional guidelines and requirements of regulations, so that they become applicable to all stages and to all levels of the housing and infrastructural development activities, - prepare the structure for various operational needs,(professional manuals, operational planning and design practice,control of documents, construction, use and management of the housing stock) related to both general sanitary-ecological policy and to individual disciplines and professional activities, - give recommendations for establishment of regular research activities (this primarily concerns to applied and development activities) related to the healthy housing issues, - regularly participate in international joint activities by assuming responsibility for solving specific problems or concrete research work related issues, - enable facilities to all participants: manufacturers,investors, contractors, and users to apply research work results on concrete projects - both for the improvement and sanation of current situation and for construction of the above-average structures on appropriate locations, concerning especially tasks of renewal of the houses and settlements destroyed in war, and to help to reestablish the normal living conditions of refugees. Expected benefits: After realization of the above (sub)objectives, appropriate results useful for the market, business and economy as well as for the improvement of professional activities and of the standard of living will be obtained, on the following levels: - global strategy for shelter and national policy - housing codes and regulations in Croatia with eco-healthy requirements - accomodation for design construction and building-up of special objects and settlements for children, handicapped, and for tourism, - modernization and reconstruction of the housing stock in connection with tenure and ownership status transformations. Some research results have already been applied and used in practice. It refers in particular to: - identification of objectives, programmes and tasks of the National programme "Environmnet and Health" as a part of the International programme ENHAP (Environment/Health Activity Programme) and Croatia's participation, - reactivation and intensifying of participation of the Croatian cities (such as Zagreb, Dubrovnik, and other) in the International Programme "Healthy Cities", - changes and updating of regulations in the building area (including methods of professional and research work), and also urban planning and communal infrastructure, waste management, energy, geotechnology, tourism, and workers' protection. The research and development as conceived in this Project should be systematically continued within the future national research programme.


  1. Name of project: Međunarodni projekt "Zdravi gradovi"
    Name of institution: World Health Organization
    City: Copenhagen, Danska


  1. Name of institution: World Health Organization
    Type of institution: State administration
    City: Copenhagen, Danska

  2. Name of institution: United Nations Centre for Human Settlements - Habitat
    Type of institution: State administration
    City: Nairobi, Kenija

  3. Name of institution: WHO European Centre for Environment and Health
    Type of institution: State administration
    City: Bilthoven, Nizozemska

  4. Name of institution: Byggforskningsradet/ Swedish council for Building Research
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: Stockholm, Švedska

  5. Name of institution: Oesterreichisches Institut fuer Baubiologie und Oekologie
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: Wien, Austrija

  6. Name of institution: Institut fuer Baubiologie und Oekologie
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: 8201 - Neubeurn, Njemačka


  1. Name: Zdravo stanovanje
    Type of achievement: Studies of conduct
    Authors: Fedor Kritova, Miljenko Smoljanović, Mario Pehnec, Josip Čiček

  2. Name: Zdravo građenje
    Type of achievement: Teaching aids and educatio
    Authors: Fedor Kritovac, Miljenko Smoljanović

  3. Name: Zbrinjavanje otpada: odnos građana prema deponijima
    Type of achievement: Other
    Authors: Fedor Kritovac

  4. Name: Globalna strategija zdravog okoliša
    Type of achievement: Studies of conduct
    Authors: Fedor Kritovac

  5. Name: Kriteriji i smjernice za: građevinsku regulativu, regulativu zaštite okoliša, tehničko-tehnološke projekte, revizije i recenzije, inspekcijski nadzor, procjene i prosudbe rizika u okolišu i u graditeljstvu. Uključenje u mreže znanstvenih informacija
    Type of achievement: Studies of conduct
    Authors: Istraživači na projektu

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Last update: 10/05/95