SVIBOR - Project code: 4-03-113


Strossmayerov trg 4, HR - 10000 ZAGREB
tel.: +385 1 459 44 44, fax: +385 1 459 44 69


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Project code: 4-03-113


Main researcher: MALEŠ, PETAR (27612)

Type of research: applied
Duration from: 01/01/91. to 12/15/95.

Papers on project (total): 66
Papers on project quoted in Current Contents: 5
Institution name: Institut za jadranske kulture i melioraciju krša, Split (91)
Department/Institute: -
Address: Put Duilova 11, 21000 Split
City: 21000 - Split, Croatia
Fax: 385 (0)21 554-616
Phone: 385 (0)21 554-616

Summary: Types with positive properties were selected from autochtonous population of grapevine cultivars. By introducing them into the "in vitro" conditions the factors allowing for successful cultivation were studied. Species and strains of yeasts in both grapes and wines were identified and the content of procyanidins determined. A comparative study of domestic and introduced olive cultivars was carried out along with the study of the best timing for actinidia harvest. It was attempted to establish the balance and effect on growth and fertility of some nutrients (N, K, B, N-NO3, N-NH4). The methods of integral protection from diseases and pests were studied particularly in olive. Commercial value of maquis plant associations, pasture-lands and grasslands as fodder basis for cattle breeding were also examined. Soils were classified and the level of heavy metal pollution determined.

Keywords: adriatic crops, olive, grapevine, domestic and imported cultivars, coparative investigations, tissue culture, micropropagation, seed, petal, yeasts, fermentation, procyanidins, micro and macro nutrients, integral pest management, classification of the soil, neural network

Research goals: The principal goal of this research was production of new, higher quality cultivars from autochtonous, domesticated and introduced cultivars of grapevine, olive and actinidians along with the establishment of their biological, technological and chemical properties. Obtained results should provide the basis for selection of cultivars most suitable for cultivation in our environment. For further propagation of selected clones, it was aimed at obtaining healthy plant material through establishment of "in vitro" cultivation of grapevine and olive by micropropagation, induction of adventive sprouts, somatic embryogenesis and determination of the rate of juvenilization. The technology of grape processing requires the identification of desirable species and strains of yeasts for fermentation, the knowledge of the effects of yeasts, originating from climatically diferent vineyards, on red wine qualities as well as an assessment of the content and levels of procyanidins in different grapevine cultivars. In addition, for plant nutrition requirements it is necessary to get to know the influence of N, K, B and of N-NO3 and N-NH4 on growth and fertility as well as the influence of added nutrients on the parameters of diagnosis of the state of individual nutritive elements. The aim of plant protection was to establish the suitability of individual IPM (Integral Pest Management) methods applied in killing pests on olive as well as to establish the liability of domestic and introduced olive varieties to different pests and diseases (Dacus oleae, Prays oleae, Verticilium dahliae, Pseudomonas savastanoi, Sphaeropsis dalmatica). The plant cover was studied for its quality, floral composition, primary production, chemical composition and digestibility of different plant communites which should provide the fodder basis for cattle breeding. Pedological studies were carried out for the ecology parameters essential for quality assessment of soil and the environment as well as for classification of soil with respect to its purpose.


  1. Name of institution: PK IMOTA, Imotski
    Type of institution: State institute

  2. Name of institution: DALMACIJAVINO
    City: 21000 - Split, Croatia

  3. Name of institution: Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet - Zagreb
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia

  4. Name of institution: Međunarodno udruženje polifenolista
    Type of institution: State administration

  5. Name of institution: FAO Interregional cooperative research network on olives, working group on production techniques and productivity
    Type of institution: State administration

  6. Name of institution: Mediterranean Institute of Chania, Greece
    Type of institution: University/Faculty

  7. Name of institution: Subtropical Plants and Olive Trees Institute of Chania, Greece
    Type of institution: University/Faculty

  8. Name of institution: Fakultet tehnologije i kemijskog inženjerstva, Zavod za analitičku kemiju
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia

  9. Name of institution: INA Kutina, Odjel primjene gnojiva, Kutina
    Type of institution: State institute

  10. Name of institution: Prirodoslovno matematički fakultet
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia

  11. Name of institution: Agronomski fakultet
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia

  12. Name of institution: PAR RAC
    Type of institution: Other
    City: 21000 - Split, Croatia

  13. Name of institution: UNDP/FAO, Rim
    Type of institution: State administration

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Last update: 10/14/95