SVIBOR - Project code: 5-07-266


Strossmayerov trg 4, HR - 10000 ZAGREB
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Project code: 5-07-266

Development of Physics Curricula for Primary Schools and Gymnasia

Main researcher: KRSNIK, RUDOLF (23955)

Type of research: basic
Duration from: 10/01/91. to 12/31/95.

Papers on project (total): 1
Institution name: Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Prirodoslovni odjeli, Zagreb (119)
Department/Institute: Department of Physics Physics Education Chair
Address: Bijenička 32, p.p.162
City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia
Phone: 385 (0)1 455-57-30
Phone: 385 (0)1 455-57-30
Fax: 385 (0)1 43-25-25
E-mail: rkrsnik$

Summary: Intrinsic properties of constructivisticaly oriented physics teaching and its comparative advantages versus traditional approach are investigated. The principal aim is implementation of contemporary constructivistic ideas in Croatian physics curricula (for primary school 7th and 8th class, and gymnasia, 9th to 12th class).Materials for constructivisticaly oriented teaching process are in preparation. Physics concepts and concept maps are being developed on the basis of adequate problem-posed situations, combining the use of class experiments with historical, philosophical and epistemological aspects of physics. Particular attention is paid to student's preconceptions (misconceptions), their detection through interactive teaching process, and their integration with scientific ideas (conceptual change). Conative, affective and cognitive effects of such teaching/learning process are investigated. Research has four stages, which are partially coinciding in time. In the first stage the hypothesized inadequate effects of traditional physics teaching are clinically investigated. In the second stage teaching materials and textbooks are developed (teachers cannot teach constructivisticaly using traditional minded teaching materials!) In the third stage hypothesized superior effects of constructivisticaly oriented teaching/learning process are being investigated.The fourth stage is devoted to publication of essential results.

Keywords: physics education, physics teaching, curriculum, programme, teaching process, constructivism, construction of knowledge, implementation, textbook, concept, concept map, preconception, conceptual change, model, experiment, interaction, communication,positivism, philosophy, epistemology

Research goals: The main aims of this project are: 1)Implementation of contemporary constructivistic ideas, and numerous results of worldwide research in the field of physics education, in the physics curricula and into the learning/teaching practice in Croatia. 2)Devising constructivisticaly minded teaching materials and textbooks which will include: a) development of physical concepts and appropriate concept maps combining the use of the history, philosopy and epistemology of physics with class experiments; b) A particular stress on the huge role of student's preconceptions, their detection in extremely interactive teaching process, and their integration with scientific ideas (so called conceptual change). Through the developing materials and textbooks we are trying to express our current ideas that concern the problem of physics teaching, and to find the way how to introduce constructivisticaly oriented physics teaching in actual school practice. Our idea is to shift teacher's starting point to the constructivistic approach with the help of an appropriate textbook and additional material in which everything is already prepared and ready for direct use in constructivisticaly oriented teaching process."Everything" means that the complete process of construction (in one specific way, of course) together with all neccesary connections among different concepts is presented on the basis of problem-posed situations, series of successive divergent and convergent problems,provocative questions, and with strong emphasis on the conceptual approach and a lot of disscusions through the text.Such a textbook gives even the traditionaly oriented teacher an easy start with interactive constructivistic teaching process. In the classroom the contents of the textbook shold be strongly spiced with ideas proposed by students, which should strongly influence both dynamic and actual development of the construction process. We expect that teachers will create their own approaches on the basis of the proposed course (particulary in interactive classroom situations) so that these textbooks are not restrictions, but rather proposals for the new starting point.


  1. Name of institution: Centre for Studies in Science and Mathematics, School of Education, University of Leeds
    Type of institution: Economical/Production
    City: Leeds, Velika Britanija

  2. Name of institution: Institut fur Didaktik der Physics, Universitat Karlsruhe
    Type of institution: Economical/Production
    City: Karlsruhe, Njema;ka

  3. Name of institution: King's Kollege
    Type of institution: Economical/Production
    City: London, Velika Britanija

  4. Name of institution: University College of Physics
    Type of institution: Economical/Production
    City: Cork, Irska

  5. Name of institution: Ministarstvo kulture i prosvjete, Zavod za školstvo Republike Hrvatske
    Type of institution: Institution whose primary activities ar
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia

  6. Name of institution: Ministarstvo prosvjete i športa Republike Hrvatske
    Type of institution: State administration
    Type of cooperation: Systematic exchange of information
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia


  1. Name: Katalog znaja i sposobnosti za gimnazije (FIZIKA)
    Type of achievement: Catalogues, address books,
    Authors: Krsnik Rudolf (23955)

  2. Name: Prvi hrvatski simpozij o nastavi fizike "Problemi osuvremenjavanja nastave fizike"
    Type of achievement: Other
    Authors: Krsnik R.,Mikuličić B.,Pećina P

  3. Name: Drugi hrvatski simpozij o nastavi fizike
    Type of achievement: Other
    Authors: Krsnik, Pećina, Mikuličić

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Last update: 09/21/95