Type of research: basic Duration from: 01/01/91. to 12/31/95. Papers on project (total): 57
Institution name: Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Prirodoslovni odjeli, Zagreb (119) Department/Institute: Department of geography Address: Marulićev trg 19/II, 41000 Zagreb, Hrvatska (Croatia) City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia
Phone: 385 (0)41 446-728
Summary: Urbanization level in 1991. Dynamics of urbanization in the
period 1981-1991. Forms of urbanization. Developemnt of the cities and
changes in the urban system. The impact of the cities on the transformation
of their surrounding areas. Importance of the cities in the spatial
functional organization. Cities and polarized development. Population
development in the process of urbanization. Dynamics of growth, spatial
redistribution and structural changes of the population. Rural - urban
migration. Depopulation of the rural settlements and its consequences.
Development of transport system. Interdependence of the transport and the
urban systems. Current tendencies in development and restructuring of the
transport networks. Transport as a factor of development of the polarized
regions. Tourism as a factor of urbanization. Revitalization and
development of tourist places. Urbanization and the protection of
environment. Particular problems of cities.
Research goals: There are several aims of the research. The most
important one is to establish the degree, dynamism and the forms of
urbanization in Croatia, as well as spatial differences and effects i.e.
consequences whith emphasis on regional differences. The degree and
dynamics of urbanization will be defined by following parameters: the
growth of urban population, deagrarization, the social restructuring of
population, housing etc. The development of the towns and changes in urban
system wil be analised. A special attention will be paid to the effects of
polarized development and urbanization. In this aspect the magnitude,
dynamics and spatial aspects of rural - urban migration will be analysed.
Special attention will be paid to their effects in the cities as wel as in
the villages. By analysing the traffic system, their influence on the
urbanization and the development of individual cities as well as on the
urban regions will be established. Special attention will be paid to the
coastal towns and the influence of tourism on their development. Their
internal development, environmental protection etc. will be analysed trough
case studies. All these results will be applicated in scientific approach
to spatial and regional planing and to the regional development of Croatia
in general. Other information about the project.