SVIBOR - Project code: 1-10-026


Strossmayerov trg 4, HR - 10000 ZAGREB
tel.: +385 1 459 44 44, fax: +385 1 459 44 69


SVIBOR - Collecting Data on Projects in Croatia

Project code: 1-10-026

Urbanization of Croatia

Main researcher: VRESK, MILAN (53352)

Type of research: basic
Duration from: 01/01/91. to 12/31/95.

Papers on project (total): 57
Institution name: Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Prirodoslovni odjeli, Zagreb (119)
Department/Institute: Department of geography
Address: Marulićev trg 19/II, 41000 Zagreb, Hrvatska (Croatia)
City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia
Phone: 385 (0)41 446-728

Summary: Urbanization level in 1991. Dynamics of urbanization in the period 1981-1991. Forms of urbanization. Developemnt of the cities and changes in the urban system. The impact of the cities on the transformation of their surrounding areas. Importance of the cities in the spatial functional organization. Cities and polarized development. Population development in the process of urbanization. Dynamics of growth, spatial redistribution and structural changes of the population. Rural - urban migration. Depopulation of the rural settlements and its consequences. Development of transport system. Interdependence of the transport and the urban systems. Current tendencies in development and restructuring of the transport networks. Transport as a factor of development of the polarized regions. Tourism as a factor of urbanization. Revitalization and development of tourist places. Urbanization and the protection of environment. Particular problems of cities.

Keywords: urbanization, suburbanization, polarization, migrations, depopulation, urban sistem, transport sistem, functional organization

Research goals: There are several aims of the research. The most important one is to establish the degree, dynamism and the forms of urbanization in Croatia, as well as spatial differences and effects i.e. consequences whith emphasis on regional differences. The degree and dynamics of urbanization will be defined by following parameters: the growth of urban population, deagrarization, the social restructuring of population, housing etc. The development of the towns and changes in urban system wil be analised. A special attention will be paid to the effects of polarized development and urbanization. In this aspect the magnitude, dynamics and spatial aspects of rural - urban migration will be analysed. Special attention will be paid to their effects in the cities as wel as in the villages. By analysing the traffic system, their influence on the urbanization and the development of individual cities as well as on the urban regions will be established. Special attention will be paid to the coastal towns and the influence of tourism on their development. Their internal development, environmental protection etc. will be analysed trough case studies. All these results will be applicated in scientific approach to spatial and regional planing and to the regional development of Croatia in general.

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Last update: 10/09/95