SVIBOR - Project code: 4-01-037

MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Strossmayerov trg 4, HR - 10000 ZAGREB
tel.: +385 1 459 44 44, fax: +385 1 459 44 69
E-mail: ured@znanost.hr

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Project code: 4-01-037


EVALUATION OF NEW SPECIES, CULTIVARS AND CULTIVATION METHODS IN VEGETABLE GROWING


Main researcher: LEŠIĆ, RUŽICA (91714)



Assistants
Type of research: applied
Duration from: 01/01/91. to 12/31/94.

Papers on project (total): 65
Papers on project quoted in Current Contents: 6
Institution name: Agronomski fakultet, Zagreb (178)
Department/Institute: Vegetable Crops Department
Address: Svetošimunska 25
City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia
Communication
Phone: 385 (0)1 23-35-777/4239
Fax: 385 (0)1 21-53-00

Summary: Introduction into the production and use of less known vegetable cultivars, tends to contribute to the food culture of population in Croatia, in tourism bidding and the export. Biological properties of the selected yard long bean, pak-choi, head chicory, broccoli and kiwano cultivars are investigated in various methods of growth, together with their nutritional value, keeping quality conditions and production profitability. The technology research lays main stress on ecologically acceptable fertilizing and protection against pests. This scope comprehends the research of possible vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhize introduction into production technology of vegetable transplants. This research comprehends the selection of appropriate cultivars and perspective technological solutions for various growth methods in production. For selected cultivars the nutritional value, keeping quality and storage conditions are determined. Various technologies of an early growth of cucumbers for processing, tend to answer the question of cucumber dawny mildew control with protection measures, which will satisfy existing limitations, whereby a certain progress is made. Collection, evaluation and classification of domestic vegetable landraces from Brassica and Capsicum genus, make a steadily active basis for the selections of new cultivars. In 1993 a new cultivar tomato shaped pepper "Majkovačka" was recognized. Some local landraces of dry bean were tested for their morphological and biological properties. A portion of this research is published or is in print.

Keywords: head chicory, yard long bean, dry bean, cucumbers, kiwano, pepper,brassica crops, mycorrhiza, cultivation methods, cultivars, storage, quality, breeding

Research goals: Some about 150 vegetable species are grown in the world, but inour country only about 40.Introduction into production and use ofless known species would contribute to the food culture of thepopulation, tourism bidding and the export. Investigations ofbiological characteristics for the cultivars of yard long bean (Vigna sesquipedalis), pak-choi (Brassica chinensis), broccoli (B. oleracea var. italica), head chicory (Cichorium intybus var. foliosum) and kiwano (Cucumis metuliferus) under inland ecological conditions and various growth methods, are made in an attempt to discover the optimal technological methods for profitable production. The appearance of pests is followed and identified, and their reasonable control tested. An ecologically acceptable fertilizing is examined. Duration and keeping quality conditions and nutritional value, are investigated. Testing of application effect of induced vesicular-arbuscular (VA) mycorrhize in the production of transplants for the various vegetable species, willd potentially reduce the use of mineral fertilizers and pesticides. Mass expansion of cucumber disease caused by dawny mildew, requires growth technology search aiming, at least partially to avoid the infection at picking period, onset together with protection measures to satisfy existing limitations. New vegetable cultivars selection and improvement of the present on the bases of collected domestic landraces, is a steady work for achievement of adaptability under ecological conditions of production areas, and required qualitative and quantitative properties.


COOPERATION - PROJECTS


  1. Name of project: 4-01-045 Kontrola plodnosti tla u funkciji proizvodnje zdravstveno ispravne hrane
    Name of institution: Agronomski fakultet, Zavod za ishranu bilja
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia

  2. Name of project: 4-99-046 Reguliranje vodnog režima tla za intenzivno bilinogojstvo
    Name of institution: Agronomski fakultet, Zavod za melioracije
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia


COOPERATION - INSTITUTIONS


  1. Name of institution: PODRAVKA, FC Istraživanja i razvoj
    Type of institution: State institute
    City: 48300 - Koprivnica, Croatia

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Last update: 11/02/95
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