SVIBOR - Project code: 4-99-168

MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Strossmayerov trg 4, HR - 10000 ZAGREB
tel.: +385 1 459 44 44, fax: +385 1 459 44 69
E-mail: ured@znanost.hr

SVIBOR

SVIBOR - Collecting Data on Projects in Croatia


Project code: 4-99-168


EVALUATION OF ARTICHOKE CULTIVARS RELATED TO ADVANCES OF GROWING CONDITIONS


Main researcher: BUĆAN, LOVRE (5922)



Assistants
Type of research: applied
Duration from: 06/30/92. to 06/30/96.

Papers on project (total): 4
Institution name: Institut za jadranske kulture i melioraciju krša, Split (91)
Communication
Phone: 385 (0)58 48-442; 48-055;41-733
Fax: 385 (0)554-616

Summary: Artichoke is the plant of the worm climate and grow in the regions where the middle winter temperature are not below the 4-5 C. Thanks to the climate and pedological conditions of Mediterranian it is cultivated here (90 % of world production is organized in the mediterranean countries). Every growing region needs specific production technology. The main problems are : propagation way (vegetative and generative ), planting date (autumn or spring ); assortment, the density; fertilizing and the beginning of harvest. This experiment was established with purpose to give us the answer on mentioned question. So we made trials with generative and vegetative multiplication; summer and autumn planting; different plant density and comparison between six foreign cultivars and domestic one (as a test).

Keywords: artichoke, vegetative propagation, generative propagation, plant density, fertilizing, cultivar, yield

Research goals: Nutrient and health value is besides rentability the main reason of growing of this culture in mediterranean region. We don't see the reason why this culture would not have the position in Croatia like in others countries (in Italy and France artichoke is the second vegetable culture). With its introduction in the regular vegetable production on the coastal part of Croatia it is possible to get the following: - the possibility of better exploitation of soils in the South Croatia (coast and islands). - the better offer on the green market at the coastal and the continental part of Croatia. - the possibility of export to other countries and the improvement at turistic offer. - induction of the development of little family farms. By introduction and examination of new cultivars, examination of planting date and the way of production of plantlets, we should get the expecting artichoke production technology for the South Croatia.The results of vegetatively propagated cultivars showed that cultivars Romanesco and Catanese were satisfying according to date of harvest and total yield. Cultivar Violetto di Provenza was more sensitive to low temperatures so our opinion is that trials sholud be performed on warmer localities. Further conclusion is that Domaća Viška can be classified as late cultivar. The further selection work should involve whole domestic artichoke population. The results related to the yield per plant; the average head weight; the qualitiy of the head are more valuable when compared to similar trials in other Mediterranean countries.


COOPERATION - PROJECTS


  1. Name of project: > EVOLUCIJA SORTI ARTIČOKE OBZIROM NA PREDNOST UVJETA UZGOJA U DALMACIJI
    Name of institution: P.Z. OBNOVA
    City: 58220 - Trogir


COOPERATION - INSTITUTIONS


  1. Name of institution: CENTRO DI STUDI SULL ORTOCOLTURA INDUSTRIALE (Dr.Vitangelo Magnifico)
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: Bari, Italia

  2. Name of institution: HAZERA SEED CO. (Dr. Sanders i Dr. A. Glick)
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: Haifa, Izrael

  3. Name of institution: DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULURE (prof.Gregory e. Welbaum)
    Type of institution: University/Faculty
    City: Blacksburg, Virginia-USA

Other information about the project.
MZT Croatian language SVIBOR Alphabetic list Sorted on project code Sorted on institutions Search help
Ministry of
Science and
Technology
Croatian
language
Svibor
homepage
Alphabetic
list
Sorted on
project code
Sorted on
institutions
Search Help

Last update: 10/09/95
Information: svibor@znanost.hr