SVIBOR - Project code: 5-07-065


Strossmayerov trg 4, HR - 10000 ZAGREB
tel.: +385 1 459 44 44, fax: +385 1 459 44 69


SVIBOR - Collecting Data on Projects in Croatia

Project code: 5-07-065


Main researcher: MATIJEVIĆ, MILAN (99513)

Type of research: applied
Duration from: 04/30/91. to 12/31/95.

Papers on project (total): 70
Institution name: Filozofski fakultet - Pedagogijske znanosti, Zagreb (131)
Department/Institute: The Institute of Pedagogy of Philosophic Faculty at the University of zagreb
Address: Savska cesta 77
City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia
Phone: 385 (0)41-533-342
Phone: 385 (0)41-537-222
Fax: 385 (0)41-533-342

Summary: So far the school in Croatia has been reformed mainly by strategy"from above", i.e. all the innovations have reached school fromthe outside, either from the state authorities or fromprofessional institutions. The subjects in school (pupils andteachers) have had the task to verify in practice those ideas.However, it is known that the ideas of the others are hard toaccept, and that there is always a certain internal opposition toeverything that is not a product of one's own thinking. Innovative school is a pedagogical or school concept whichlibertates the creative potentials of the main subjects, that isto say, the pupils, the teachers and the parents. Such a schoolimplicitly includes more independence in the programming anddefining of the model of work. In the innovative school thecreativity of pupils, teachers and parents is a desirable featureof behaviour and action, and creative behaviour of the individualis one of the distinctive features of modern democratic society. The aim of this research is to work out in theory the methodologyof school reforms, to anticipate, shape and examine by experimentas well as to evaluate the new pedagogical conceptions of school.Researchers will define the pedagogical concept of "innovativeschool" and create in practice the activities of two eight-yearprimary schools according to this model. The realization of this research will be characterized bymethodological pluralism with special reference to the model ofaction research. The pupils of two primary schools (2000 pupilsand 90 teachers) represent the model for empirical research.

Keywords: innovative school, educational inovation, primary school, teacher training, discovery learning, giftid child, giftid pupil

Research goals: The school in Croatia comprises some features that represent the remnants of a longtime establishment based on one-sided pedagogical concepts which characterize totalitarian societies. First of all one has to mention the neglect of the individual, the disregard for the developing specific qualities, the needs and abliities of every pupil, as well as the suppression of every creativity of the teacher. The school is organized on hierarhical and authoritarian relations, with a dominating tehnocratic educational concept, based on manipulation and "shaping", and a dominant orientation to "didactic materialism". The aim of this research is to work out in theory the bases of the methodology of school reform, and also to anticipate, shape, chek by experiment and evaluate the new pedagogical school concept. The basic methodological solution for the achivement of this aim is operational research. The researchers will be directed towards the defining of the position of strategies of active and empirical learning in the teaching process (discovery learning, didactic games, problem teaching, and the like). Other forms of teaching that contribute to the shaping of a positive image about oneself will also be researched. The researchers will especially concern themselves with the position of gifted children as wel as of mentally retarded children in state schools. The aim of the research also refers to the definition of new characteristics of pedagogical communication in the relationship pupil - teacher - parent. In two primary schools the researchers will try to create new models of internal organization of the school and of the teaching proces.

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Last update: 01/28/96