SVIBOR - Project code: 5-12-101


Strossmayerov trg 4, HR - 10000 ZAGREB
tel.: +385 1 459 44 44, fax: +385 1 459 44 69


SVIBOR - Collecting Data on Projects in Croatia

Project code: 5-12-101


Main researcher: RAVNIĆ, ANTON (40460)

Type of research: applied
Duration from: 04/30/91. to 12/31/95.

Papers on project (total): 38
Institution name: Pravni fakultet, Zagreb (66)
Department/Institute: Labour Law and Social Security Chair
Address: Trg m. Tita 14
City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia
Fax: 385 (0)1 456 40 30
Phone: 385 (0)1 456 43 22
Phone: 385 (0)1 33 04 36
Phone: 385 (0)1 56 11 19

Summary: The aim of the project is to study influence of the market economy to labour relations and social security. The emphasis is on comparative, primarily West-European experiences, since there have been a significant lack of domestic scientific thought about working relations and of social security adequate to a market economy. Institutions of labor law of importance for market relations have been studied, such as the following: the contract of employment; a categorization of employees; legal status of the trade unions and of employers' organizations; collective bargaining; collective agreements; a strike and other interest disputes; ways and means of peacefully solving interest disputes, and other issues from the collective labor law. In the area of social security the emphasis has been on a study of the voluntary and the autonomous systems of social security, by which in western countries enable adjustment of an individual initiative and responsibility to a social solidarity. Social security of certain most vulnerable categories of the population (displaced people, aged persons, unemployed) has been studied in particular. Insights at stake are necessary for a true transformation of the existing system into a modern system of market relations and political democracy.

Keywords: Market economy, labour law, social security, labour relations, worker, employee, employer, contract of employment, unemployment, social insurance, social assistance.

Research goals: The goals of the research are twofold: theoretical and practical. From the theoretical point of view, interrelations between the market economy on one hand, and the labor relations and social security on the other, have been studied. From the practical aspects the project is oriented towards implementation of theoretical results in drafting of legislation, concluding of collective agreements, solving individual and collective labor disputes, introducing the new forms of social insurance and social assistance, etc. The aim is to establish the consequences that market economy brings for the rights and obligations of the parties in an employment relation; competencies of the managerial and other executive personnel; disciplinary responsibility; and in particular to a termination of an employment relation. Stress is on an analysis of the legal status of trade unions and of employers' organizations; collective bargaining and collective agreements; various forms of industrial actions (strikes and lockouts); practices of peaceful solving of interest disputes (conciliation, mediation, and arbitration). Opposite to the present systems of public and compulsory social insurance an analysis of the various autonomous and voluntary models of insurance have been undertaken. The aim is also a study of position of deprived categories of population as are aged and displaced people as well as refugees. The purpose is to define organizational principles that facilitate a high level of efficiency in managing resources being allocated for social security.

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Last update: 10/12/95