SVIBOR - Project code: 6-02-102


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SVIBOR - Collecting Data on Projects in Croatia

Project code: 6-02-102

Establishment of Communist Party Monopoly 1945-1952

Main researcher: KISIĆ-KOLANOVIĆ, NADA (20996)

Type of research: basic
Duration from: 01/01/91. to 12/31/94.

Papers on project (total): 29
Institution name: Institut za suvremenu povijest, Zagreb (19)
Department/Institute: Scientific Research Department
Address: Opatička 10
City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia
Phone: 385 (0)422-888

Summary: The theoretical and practical rules sancioned by the legal system in Croatia 1945.-1952. established the monopoly position of the Communist party. Etatization of industry, centralization of government, and collectivization of agriculture was assosiated with a climate of power and lawlessness. By the end of 40,s increased political tensions among peasants, inside Catholic Church, between followers of the Croatian Peasant Party and individuals who opposed the current state politics in Croatia. Their actions shows aspects of political developemnt of Croatia where not even the post revolutionary communist dictatorship could not eliminated the desire for a distinct national identity. The legal mechanisms in Croatia were primarly used for physical eliminationa and discouragement of political opponents. Using various methodologies, the researchers pays a special attention to the practical rules sanctioned by the legal system in Croatia as well as to the totalitarian style of the newly established power of the communist placed in culture, ideology and economy. All these regions had one thing in common: no political entity whose interests were in disagreements with the Communist party had any chance of being protected by law.

Keywords: Communist Party of Croatia, People's Front of Croatia, National institutions, Juridical system, Social Thought, Cultural development, Oposition forces, Catholic Church, Peasants, Electoral legislature, Political repression.

Research goals: On the basis of various historical materials this project explains essential aspects of the social develpment of Croatia between 1945.-1952. Despite general historical examination the issue of monopoly pozition of the Communist party have not been adequately and fully researched. Based on monographs and articles which were published in historical journals, the authors analysed the exact character of political,social, cultural and economics scene in Croatia afterwards 1945. Four themes have become the matter of doctoral thesis; The role of Pople's Front in Croatia as a "transmission of the CP; The Croatian ideological scene; Forces of civil society ; An analysis of CPC.


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Last update: 10/10/95