SVIBOR - Project code: 6-03-075


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Project code: 6-03-075

Articulatory and Neurolinguistic Description of Speech Production

Main researcher: HORGA, DAMIR (63013)

Type of research: developmental
Duration from: 01/01/91. to 12/31/96.

Papers on project (total): 38
Institution name: Filozofski fakultet - Humanističke znanosti, Zagreb (130)
Department/Institute: Department of Phonetics
Address: Salajeva 3
City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia
Phone: 385 (0)1 6120-098
Phone: 385 (0)1 6120-096
Fax: 385 (0)1 513-834

Summary: This research will concentrate on the description of articulatory and neurolinguistic level of speech. By using modern phonetic apparatus four segments will be studied: - through a comparative description of sound patterns of Croatian language the existing descriptions will be re-examined and a new one defined, based on recent phonological theories and in the light of the relationship between standard Croatian and other languages of the world on the one hand, and Croatian dialects on the other; - phonetic meaning/significance of sounds of Croatian will be determined on the basis of research into their psycholinguistic features; - dominance of cerebral hemispheres for specific speech elements and organization of speech motor programs will be studied empirically; - articulatory properties of specific speech segments will be measured by myographic and spirometric methods as well as by measuring articulator movements. The research will be carried out with the help of suitable experimental apparatus and statistical methods of data analysis on representative samples of subjects.

Keywords: Phoneme, distinctive feature, psycholinguistics, phonetic meaning, neurolinguistics, lateralization, speech perception, motor control, articulation, measurement of articulation

Research goals: The primary aim of this study is to describe articulatory and neurolinguistic levels of Croatian, by using modern phonetic research methods, which does not preclude a study of basic theoretical issues. The aim will be approached by addressing 4 segments: (1) comparative description of sound pattern of Croatian, (2) phonetic meaning/significance of sounds, (3) neurological mechanisms of speech production, and (4) description of articulation. From the theoretical standpoing, scientific contribution of the research would be the eventual comparative description of sound patterns of Croatian, which would enable the existing phonological framework to be revised in accordance with new phonological theories and in the light of establishing closer ties between phonetics and phonology. From the psycholinguistic standpoint, the determination of differences and similarities among sounds and their phonetic meaning would establish a connection between sound perceptual properties and distinctive features. On the basis of neurolinguistic study of Croatian speech we expect to discover regularities in central neurological mechanisms in speech production with respect to hemispheral differences in speech processing and in speech motor programs. Finally, by describing relevant parameters of articulation, pertaining to air flow, air pressure, articulator movements (tongue, lower jaw, soft palate, chest) we would address the large segment of Croatian speech which has until now been neglected.


  1. Name of institution: Klinika za otorinolaringologiju i cervikofacijalnu kirurgiju Kliničke bolnice 'Sestre milosrdnice'
    Type of institution: International organization
    City: 10000 - Zagreb, Croatia

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Last update: 10/13/95